India's annual wholesale price-based inflation, a proxy for producers' prices, loitered in the double digits for the sixth month in a row in September, fueling concerns of inflationary pressures as energy and raw material costs surge for companies.
The gap between retail and wholesale price-based inflation has widened in recent months as many companies and retailers are absorbing rising input costs that threaten to hit their bottom lines.
Annual wholesale price-based inflation (INWPI=ECI) in September slightly eased to 10.66% from the previous month's 11.39%, government data showed on Thursday, helped by slower increases in some food items.
Economists said that with global commodity prices expected to remain elevated in the coming months, manufacturers could try to pass on rising costs to consumers particularly during the festive season starting this month.
"High inflation poses a considerable risk to economic revival in the short to medium term," Sumit Shekhar, an analyst at brokerage Ambit Capital, said in a note on Thursday.
Consumer price-based inflation, the key measure of inflation for the Reserve Bank of India in setting its monetary policy decisions, eased in September to a five-month low of 4.35% from a year earlier, separate data released on Tuesday showed.
In September, wholesale fuel and power prices rose 24.81%from a year earlier, compared with a 13.63% rise in retail prices. Wholesale manufactured product prices rose 11.41% in September versus a less than 6% rise in retail prices.
Economists have warned that companies' squeezed margins in the short term could hit private investment and the nascent economic recovery in Asia's third-largest economy. The economy recorded its worst-ever contraction of 7.3% in the last fiscal year ending in March.
In the April-June quarter, the economy grew an annual 20.1%, and the central bank expects GDP to expand 9.5% in the current fiscal year ending in March 2022.